Public Policy Formulation and Implementation in Nigeria Questions Challenges and Prospects
policy, public policy, policy formulation, policy implementation, government, citizenry
The nature, stability and development of any government organized country is a phenomenon that is dependent on public policy. This in all ramifications proves the paramount relevance of public policy planning, making, implementation and analysis in efficiency and effectiveness of government. The existence of public policy practice however, is not devoid of challenges as it poses a fundamental question of how best to model public policy so as to create the most efficient and effective government. Numerous previous literatures had attempted to do justice to this question; nonetheless, little or no attention has been given to basic components of this question which are #x2018;how to aggregate diverse public interest into a public policy, and how to tackle the on-paper-non-practice syndrome of established public policies#x2019;. This paper attempts to fill this gap in literature by examining these public policy questions and establishing a panacea for them. A retrospective study of the Nigerian public policy practice was undertaken. The findings indicate that ethno-religious and tribal heterogeneity breeds non-tolerance which poses a problem to the aggregation of diverse public interest into public policy and that the implementation of public policies has been marred by corruption-bred strong-individual against strong-institution factor and the issue of citizenry acceptance of this practice as a right and non-abrogable one. This paper recommends sociopolitical restructuring and reorientation of the entire citizenry as a worthy alleviation to these public policy questions.
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